Issues GMB Must Curb To Succeed As Nigeria’s Leader


According to this detailed feature report published, Vanguard

newspapers have outlined the pressing needs that the in-

coming president of Nigeria, Muhammadu Buhari needs

to focus on.

Read below:

1. Corruption

Buhari, 72, has said the corrupt and corruption will have

no place in his administration, sparking fears of a wide-

ranging crackdown similar to his previous time as

military ruler in the 1980s. But he has pledged outgoing

President Goodluck Jonathan has “nothing to fear” and

there will be no witch-hunt against the former


Some areas are likely to be too big to ignore, however,

such as the running of the opaque, state-run oil firm,

which is seen as riddled with corruption. Analysts predict

Buhari will beef up existing anti-corruption agencies,

while he has personally promised to declare his assets

and liabilities for greater transparency and accountability.

Buhari’s All Progressives Congress (APC) estimates it

could save three trillion naira ($15 billion, 13 billion

euros) by streamlining government and plugging

“leakages” in the system.


Appears In Court

2. Security

Jonathan’s administration will be remembered for the

rise of Boko Haram Islamists, who left least 15,000

people dead and more than 1.5 million homeless in a six-

year campaign of violence. Boko Haram is currently seen

as on the run but security experts say the war is far from

over, with sporadic attacks continuing and the likelihood

the rebels could regroup in border regions.

Former army general Buhari has recognised the need for

top-down reform to boost poor morale and end graft that

hit military procurement, leaving troops ill-equipped to

fight. But restructuring also needs to go hand-in-hand

with social and economic programmes to tackle the root

causes of the insurgency, namely lack of development

and unemployment in the Muslim north.

Buhari has indicated he will maintain regional cooperation

with Chad, Niger and Cameroon but he faces potential

trouble on another front from former militants in the oil-

producing southern Delta. Rebels wanting a fairer share

of oil wealth have threatened to resume their activities

against energy facilities in the region if a government

amnesty programme is not extended beyond this year.

3. Unemployment

Nearly two-thirds of Nigeria’s population of more than

170 million is under 30. But unemployment is currently

nudging 30 percent, despite strong overall rates of

economic growth in recent years. Outgoing Finance

Minister Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala in 2013 recognised the

benefits of growth needed to be shared more equitably.

The APC says some 110 million people still live in


Buhari’s administration has pledged to embark on a

massive programme of industrialisation, including

building railways, improving roads and ports, and

improving crumbling infrastructure. But those

programmes could be hamstrung immediately by lack of

funds, with Nigeria hit hard by the slump in the global

price of oil, on which it depends for 90 percent of foreign


Observers say diversifying the economy is a must, as is

educational reform to improve skills. Some 10.5 million

Nigerian children are currently out of school — the most

in the world.


Last Friday, the government said Nigeria was producing

just 1,327 megawatts of electricity — an all-time low and

down even on Buhari’s last time in power in 1983-85.

Reversing the country’s crippling power deficit is seen as

key to driving economic growth but has evaded

successive governments because of mismanagement,

incompetence and vested interests.

Buhari is expected to decentralise, deregulate and

privatise the transmission sector, opening it up to

competition. The APC has reportedly promised to triple

generation to 12,000 MW by 2019. He will also have to

address the oil and gas sector and controversial

subsidies paid to fuel importers who bring in petroleum

products because of a lack of functioning refineries.

The government’s alleged non-payment of arrears saw

fuel supply lines shut down in recent weeks, causing a

crippling shortage that brought Nigeria to a near


Government, How He Influenced Major Decisions

Meanwhile, ahead of the inauguration of Buhari, on

Friday, May 29, students body, National Association of

Nigerian Students (NANS) has issued a warning to the

South African president, Jacob Zuma, to stay away from

the inauguration ceremony.

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